Gardening has been an activity carried out by people from ancient times and they have been used for growing different plants especially vegetables.
Vegetables are essential plants in the human diet and they provide all the necessary nutrients required by man for a healthy and sustainable life.
Vegetables are not just leaves that you consume, there are different kinds of vegetables such as fruit vegetables, roots and tubers, leafy vegetables, and seasonings – all generally classified as vegetables.
Without vegetables in our diets, foods we consume will be of nutritional low quality but its presence will provide your food with the necessary vitamins, minerals, proteins, and other essential nutrients.
As much as we all love these plants, growing them seems quite difficult as a result of our lack of understanding of what its cultivation involves or entails.
Growing vegetable gardens is not really that difficult to carry out if you are ready to make it a gradual process rather than rushing into it.
The understanding of the essential processes and requirements involved in a successful vegetable gardening will give you an edge in carrying it out with much relative ease.
By recommendation, it is always very easy to start a small garden so as to be able to understand the basics and once you are effective at it you can easily expand the garden from time to time.
Do you want to know more about vegetable gardening and you want to set up your own beautiful and sweet vegetable garden?
Do you need help with what is required of you to grow healthy and highly nutritious vegetables? Then this is the right place for you to be ‘cause we will take you through all the necessary steps involved in growing a successful vegetable garden.
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What are the Necessary steps Involved in Vegetable gardening?
Growing vegetables in the available space behind your house or home do not have to be strenuous and discouraging; you can always get it done little by little.
Having a beautiful garden that will make you happy every time you look at it can be ensured if the steps to be discussed in this article are well followed and carried out. You should read further if you want to know more about vegetable gardening.
Choose the Right Location
The first step in gardening involves the selection of a very good location where the vegetable you want to grow can thrive.
When selecting an environment for use, you should make sure that the soil is not too large for you to manage as a lack of proper management will affect the overall gardening process.
The place to be chosen must be a place that has loose soils that will allow for the easy penetration of the plant’s root as well as percolation of water supplied to its root.
When choosing an environment, you should pay very good attention to the amount of sunlight that is usually available to this area on a daily basis.
Most vegetables are sun-loving and they have a minimum requirement of 6 hours direct sunlight per day for effective growth and development.
Make sure that the place you choose gets the right amount of light at all times and if the amount of light available to various places in the garden varies, make sure that leafy vegetables are planted in places with less light while fruit vegetables are planted in places with more sunlight.
Soil is the body of nutrients and it is made up of both the organic and inorganic matters needed by vegetables for growth.
For plants to grow well, they require soil that is rich in the required nutrient of the vegetable you choose to grow. At the onset of gardening, carrying out a test on the soil of the area will be of good essence to gardening success.
You can test the soil by taking small samples from different points in the garden; send it to an extension office/center where it will be sent to an extension center for a check.
Once the result of the test is out, make sure to use the recommended nutrients and fertilizer to enhance the soil quality.
The nutrients can simply be added to your garden by sprinkling it on the soil surface and tilling it into the soil. This will ensure the proper mixing of the soil with the nutrients.
The type of land preparation to be carried out in your garden can depend on the kind or type of soil that is available in your area.
Loosing up your soil to give proper access to plant root is very essential as vegetables do develop shallow roots that may find it hard to penetrate hard soil.
If the soil in your area is rich in clay, you can add some organic matter such as mulch or compost to the soil to keep it loose.
The addition of different types of manure from animals such as horses, cows, and poultry can also help improve the organic matter and reduce the soil thickness.
Carry out the necessary tillage operations on your farm or garden so as to improve the structure and texture of the soil.
Make sure the soil is as fine as possible when tilled (until there are no more clumps in the soil) and you can make use of dry leaves to make much, shredded ones will function better and more effectively.
Site planning and planting
The method used for planting and the plan to be made for your site will depend on the type of soil that you have in our garden.
If the soil is not very fertile, the use of raised beds will help provide more nutrients to the plant’s root at large.
You can also mark out the area using stakes and strings and this will create a straight and perfect row for the plant that is to be grown in the garden. You do not need to plant a seed per hole, plant the seed to a depth of about 2 to 3 inches.
If possible, make sure that you plant more than three seeds so that you can thin them when they grow and you should watch out for the space between your plants.
This is one of the most important things for a successful vegetable garden and the absence of it causes the downfall of most gardens.
Vegetables are ever-growing plants and for them to attain the right and proper height, they need sufficient and optimum water supply.
With the necessary water supply, the plant will be able to grow and make sure that you do not give too much water as this can cause root rot of the plant.
You can make use of sprinklers to supply the necessary water needed by plants and you can also use additional water to the edges of the garden by hand.
In a case where water becomes too much and there is an excess of it on the soil surface and there is the formation of pools, you can control it by packing some soil and filling it up with it.
Mulching: cover your soil
This is one of the best practices that you can carry out to ensure that your soil will be well protected and guarded.
This practice will help to provide more nutrients to the soil and it can also help to improve soil moisture and reduce the rate of evaporation from the soil.
You can create your own mulch by making use of a lawn and leaf vacuum with the mower for shredding the dried leaves.
Dried leaves have been found to work best in most cases and you can as well purchase mulches from gardening stores that you can find around. This also helps to prevent the growth of weeds in the garden or field.
When plants are grown in close proximity, they tend to compete for everything that they find around them such as space, nutrients, water, and sun and this can be very difficult for the plants.
Proper spacing of the plants is quite essential for efficient growth and this can also help to prevent the spread of diseases in the garden.
Make sure that the plants are grown in such a way that one does not get involved in the space of the other so that they can have equal access to the nutrients present in the soil.
Fertilizers are essential materials that help to supplement plants’ roots with nutrients that they need for effective growth.
There are different fertilizers required for different purposes; some are for vegetative growth, some for flowering, fruiting, and lots more.
You can add fertilizers either manually or by employing the use of sprayers to add liquid fertilizers. The best fertilizer to use will depend on the one recommended for the plant you decide to grow in your garden.
Growing your vegetables very well will create a very good outcome and you will be very happy when you see what you have done for your plant in your garden.
Make sure that you pay attention to the steps mentioned above and you will be glad you followed them to letter.
Thank you for taking the time to read this article !