When it comes to consuming delicious and highly nutritive fruits, blueberries are one of the most common and highly beneficial plants to go for.
Blueberries are flowering plants that belong to the plant family Ericaceae and they produce beautiful purple-colored fruits generally regarded as berries and this plant originates from North America.
Blueberries have been an important food in the human diet for thousands of years and they are quite popular all over the world – all thanks to its delicious and nutritious berries.
Blueberries and dioecious plants i.e. they have both the male and female reproductive organ, that is, stamen and pistils on each plant and this plant produces bell-shaped flowers that can either have red, white, or pink coloration.
Blueberries come in different varieties and depending on the type of plant you are dealing with, blueberries can either be deciduous or evergreen and this plant can survive for about 60 years if properly managed.
Blueberries are lovely plants and gardeners around the world love to have this plant in their garden because of its unique and spectacular qualities and characteristics and this makes it an important plant all over the world.
Blueberries generally grow in the form of bushes and they can reach a height of about 10 to 13 feet depending on the variety of the blueberry plant that you are dealing with.
This is a highly productive plant and if you are thinking about having something new and distinct in your grades and giving a new look to your overall garden, then think about growing blueberries all around.
Blueberries can also be grown as ornamental plants and if you are a new gardener who would love to try something new and start your own blueberry plant from seeds, then this is the right and perfect spot or place for you to be.
Do you want to learn how to grow your own blueberry plants at your home? Looking for a simple and effective way to grow blueberries? If the response to any of these questions is positive then this is perfectly the right place for you to be.
In this article, we will take you through the guides needed for growing blueberries at home. Therefore, read further to learn more!
Table of Contents
- 1 Varieties of Blueberry plants
- 2 How to Grow Blueberries
- 3 Conclusion
Varieties of Blueberry plants
Before deciding on growing blueberry plants at your home, garden, or any other available place around you it is important that you know the various varieties of blueberry plants that we have before making your own choice.
The variety of blueberries is an important factor that is worthy of note when choosing a particular plant to grow.
There are three different varieties of blueberry plants around the world and each of these varieties of the plant has some differences in their growing ability, production, and kind of environment in which they thrive best.
In this section of this article, we will take you through the different varieties of blueberry that you can choose to grow so make sure to pay attention to each kind of blueberries. Below are the different varieties of blueberry plants that you can grow:
This variety of blueberries grows best in warm climates and they have the ability to survive in environments with high temperatures.
This variety of berries does produce blueberries that are very large and they have the ability to grow to a height of about 6 – 8 feet.
This variety of blueberries are best consumed fresh and are of great use in making desserts. They are considered the most common type of all.
This variety of blueberries is quite distinct, they do not do well in warm weathers but they can survive in cold weathers quite well. These types of blueberries do grow fruit that has very small sizes and they do have a very good taste.
This variety of blueberries is very hardy and can survive in almost any kind of environment and they can grow to a height range of 6 – 18 inches. If you decide to grow this plant make sure to leave a spacing of 2 feet between plants.
Rabbiteye bush variety:
This is an entirely different variety of blueberry that can survive in environments that are very sunny and unfavorable for most berries.
This variety grows well in high heat climates and they have the ability to tolerate heat and drought to a very large extent.
This variety requires a large expanse of land to grow requiring a spacing of 15 feet between them. Another thing to note is that this variety ripens a lot later when compared to the other varieties.
NB: you need to decide on which type of variety you want to grow depending on your location and the space available for propagating them. Make sure to consider this before opting to grow any of the three varieties.
How to Grow Blueberries
Are you thinking of growing blueberry plants at your home and do not know how to go through with it, this is the right place for you to be. Below are the following steps involved in growing blueberry plants:
After deciding on the variety of blueberry plant to grow, the next thing to do is to collect seeds from the blueberry fruits. You should collect the seeds of blueberry plants and prepare them for propagation.
Prepare a sphagnum moss:
Fill a flat, 3-inch deep box with finely ground moist sphagnum moss. The sphagnum moist should then be kept moist in a warm room between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Make sure the sphagnum moss is well covered.
Sow the seeds:
The collected blueberry seeds should then be carefully sowed in the prepared sphagnum moss and allowed to germinate.
Carefully plant the seeds in the sphagnum moss and water it well throughout the growing season. The plants should start to germinate into seedlings within one month.
Expose to sunlight:
Once the seeds have begun to germinate, the next thing to do is to place the seedling in direct sunlight and they should be continued in the sunlight until it reaches a height of about 2 – 3 inches.
Once the plant has reached this height, the seedling should be transferred to a larger pot. Allow it to grow for about 2 to 3 years in the sun.
NB: the steps above should be discarded if you do not want to grow your blueberry plants from seeds. If you want to grow from seedlings, you should purchase seedlings from a recommendable nursery or look for a small growing plant around. Just make sure to order for the variety that you desire.
Blueberry plants survive well in full sunlight and the spot of choice must be well-draining and if it is clayey or clumped together, add peat moss to allow for proper soil draining.
The soil for growing blueberry plants should be very fertile and you can add aged manure or compost to the soil to improve its fertility level. If the soil is poor in fertility or not well-draining, you should make use of raised garden beds.
The soil should be properly tilled to ensure that the plant has a very good structure and texture. The level of acidity and alkalinity of the soil should be noted.
Blueberry plants thrive well in soil pH between 4.09 and 5.0 and if there is a fluctuation in the soil pH, make sure to amend it very well and then check the pH level again to know if it is okay.
Prepare plants for planting:
The purchased seedling or that grown in the pot should be prepared just ahead of planting. Once you’ve decided to plant the seedling, make sure that the roots are carefully loosened.
This can be done by carefully hitting the side of the container with your wrist to shaken the soil up to ensure easy removal. Avoid grabbing the plant by the stem; catch the plant base with the hand.
Dig a hole for each plant:
Putting into consideration the variety of plants and recommended spacing dig a hole for each plant. The hole for planting should be about 20 inches deep and 18 inches wide. The hole should be dug with a hand trowel.
Plant the blueberry plants:
The removed plant should be carefully placed in the holes and patted carefully. The soil around the base of the plant should be carefully patted and watered carefully. Just make sure the plant is well watered.
Mulch the seedlings:
The planting sites for growing the blueberry plants should be mulched and mulch not more than 2-inches high will work perfectly well.
This will help the plant in keeping soil moisture and prevent water loss. This will also help supply the plant with nutrients in the long-run.
Blueberries are lovely plants to grow around and they are very easy to grow as long as you follow the steps.
These plants will serve as great ornaments for your garden even if you do not plan to grow them for consumption and you will definitely love their elegance. Have a nice time exploring the world of gardening!
Thank you for taking the time to read this article !