Adorning your home and space with one of the most attractive and beautiful tree plants around the world can be achieved by planting fig trees around your home.
Fig trees are medium-sized trees that belong to the genus Ficus and they originate from the Middle East and western parts of Asia and they are now popularly cultivated around the world.
There are several species and varieties of the fig tree with the most common species of them all is Ficus carica and they are commercially grown around the world for their edible fruit.
Fig trees are incredible plants, they are sun-loving plants and they survive best in the temperate regions of the world and these trees are known for their ability to reach a height of 10 to 30 feet throughout their life and occasionally about 50 feet in the wild if they have the most suitable condition for their growth.
Fig trees are quite an important plant around the world, apart from being a source of food; they are also used in the pharmaceutical industries for the production of creams and lotions that can be of great benefit to human health.
Fig trees are one of the most ancient trees all over the world, this tree was recorded to have been present in the Garden of Eden during the time of Adam and Eves and the leaves of this tree are usually very large having about 3 – 5 lobes.
Fig trees are wonderful plants to grow at home, they are flowering plants and they make the environment as beautiful and presentable as possible and this tree can either be propagated through seeds, cuttings, grafts, and tissue cultures.
Even though there are different species of fig trees, they are usually divided into four different categories based on the type of flower that they possess as well as the method of reproduction that they undergo; if you want to grow fig trees at home then you should plant those that reproduce through parthenogenesis i.e. without pollen.
Fig trees are awesome plants and the fruits are a very good source of vitamins, minerals, and fibers and they can be used as an important part of diet raw or dried.
Do you want to learn how to grow fig tree at home? Do you want to have a regular supply of fig fruits from your garden? Want to invest in a well-producing tree? If the response to any of the questions is yes then this is the right place for you to be.
In this article, we will take you through the steps involved in growing fig tree so you should pay attention to learn more about them. Have a great time learning!
Table of Contents
- 1 When is the right time to plant Fig trees?
- 2 How to grow Fig trees
- 3 Conclusion
When is the right time to plant Fig trees?
Instead of asking the question “how”, one of the most significant questions that we should ask when it comes to planting trees is “when” it should be done.
Before learning about the vigorous process involved in growing fig trees, in this section, we will discuss the right time when planting of fig tree should be done so you should stick around to learn more.
Since fig trees thrive best under sunny environmental conditions, the best and most recommended time to grow fig trees is either in late fall or early spring. Below is the explanation of the right time when planting of fig trees should be done:
Planting during this period of the year is the best time as this will give the plant the best chance of avoiding any form of frost harshness that can affect the tree.
When planting is expected to be done, the temperature should not be less than 4 degrees Centigrade as any environmental temperature less than that will not support the growth of the plant.
The cold season i.e. winter should have passed and the soil will already start to warm up during this period and this will definitely enhance the proper development of the plant.
During this period, plants would have begun dormancy and plant can thrive during this period. Planting during this period is mostly encouraged for fig trees that are grown in containers and once the temperature begins to get colder during winter as soon as the first winter frost is set to occur, take the plant indoors to ensure its survival.
How to grow Fig trees
Fig trees are very easy plants to grow around the home; knowing how to go about growing this tree will give you a good understanding of what you are opting for.
In this section of the article, we will take you through some of the various steps to follow when growing a fig tree. Read further to learn more!
Choose a variety of fig tree:
Since there are numerous varieties of fig trees in the market, it is important that you go for species or varieties that are known for their hardiness.
Another thing you should pay very good attention to is the region that you reside, make sure that you consider this as there are varieties that thrive well in the less warm environment due to their hardy nature.
Also, the method of reproduction of the species you are choosing is important – choose plants that undergo parthenogenesis.
Select a growing site:
You should choose a location that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight daily and the soil must be well-draining. If the region does not receive so much sunlight then you should grow them in pots.
Even though fig trees thrive best in almost any type of soil, it is important to ensure that it is well-draining and quite fertile. The site should have a pH that is slightly acidic through neutral.
You should check for the fertility, pH level, and water-retaining capacity of the soil. Make sure that the pH of the soil is near 7 or below and poor soil should be mixed with fertilizer or compost to improve fertility.
The compost materials will also have a positive effect on the water-holding capacity of the soil. Make sure that the soil is well broken and tilled to enhance the soil texture.
The exact plot where the plant is to be grown should be prepared ahead of time. Make sure to dig a hole a little bit wider than the diameter of the growing container and also deeper than the height of the container. This will ensure that the root ball can fit well in the soil and germinate incredibly.
Prepare the plant for planting:
Since roots grow in a circular direction in pots, make sure that the root is prepared for growth in the soil.
Remove the plant carefully with the root ball from the container; place it on its side, and with a pair of shears trim off excess roots on the plant edges. This is very essential as this usually enhances the production of fruits.
Plant the tree:
After carefully cutting the root on the edges, the next thing to do is to plant the ball of earth in the soil with the plant. Carefully place the root ball in the hole and spread the roots away from the trunk.
You should then add soil to the opened region in the soil and fill it well and make sure that it is as firm as possible.
Water the fig trees:
After planting your fig tree in the soil, water is needed by the plant to be able to settle well in the new spot or location.
Make sure that the plant is supplied with water a great deal. After planting, water should be supplied to the plant base twice a week because fig plants do not love too much water.
Mulch the soil:
Add a layer of mulch to the base of the plant to prevent the growth of weeds and also to enhance the retaining of soil moisture.
Make sure that enough mulch is added to the base of the plant as this can help prevent regular maintenance as well as exposure of the new plant to diseases.
Prune fig trees when necessary:
Since figs are cultivated for their sweet, tasty fruits; you should prune in the summer of the second year to four strong shoots.
Pruning will encourage the production of more fruits in the following years. Once the tree attains maturity, the tree should be pruned back when the plant is dormant every spring before annual growth commence.
If you can follow the above-mentioned steps to letter, you will be able to grow trees that are well-producing throughout their lives. Grow your own tree and enjoy the bountiful harvest. Happy gardening!
Thank you for taking the time to read this article !