Coconut trees are one of the most productive tree plants that you can have in your garden or yard at any point in time.
This plant is very productive and it is very easy to grow if you know the right way to go about propagating them.
Coconut trees are sun-loving plants and they can reach a height of about 6 to 15 feet depending on the species or cultivar of this evergreen plant.
Planting coconut trees requires patience and determination to get the job done and this can be a perfect gift for your family and loved ones as this tree will grow very long and also produce fruits for about 80 years after the first productive season.
Among the many cash crops that can be grown, coconut stands out as every part of this tree including the husk, kernel and others have substantial uses and functions around the world.
If you want to have a coconut tree in your garden and you do not understand how to go about growing it then this is the right article for you.
Growing your own coconut tree can be very simple and convenient to carry out so you should think about learning the various steps involved in planting coconut trees with ease and convenience.
Do you love gardening or you just desire to have a productive plant around your home? Do you enjoy having a plant that can forever be yours around you?
Do you have the desire to learn how to grow your tree with much ease? Do you love the view of coconut trees and would love to grow one as an ornament in your garden?
If any of the answers are “yes” then this is the right place for you to be. In this article, we will help you with a step-by-step guide that you can follow when you want to grow your own coconut tree without stress.
Table of Contents
- 1 How long does it take to grow Coconuts?
- 2 How to Plant Coconut trees
- 2.1 Collect fresh coconut:
- 2.2 Soak the coconut fruit:
- 2.3 Plant the coconut:
- 2.4 Water the soil:
- 2.5 Place in a dark spot with the filtered sun:
- 2.6 Observe the germination of root:
- 2.7 Select a planting site:
- 2.8 Dig a hole for planting:
- 2.9 Water the plant thoroughly:
- 2.10 Practice mulching:
- 2.11 Fertilize the soil:
- 3 Conclusion
How long does it take to grow Coconuts?
Before deciding on planting coconut trees, it is important that you know how long it takes to grow coconut trees to maturity.
This is very important so that you know what you are about to get involved with and to also stay prepared for the time period.
Generally, there are different types of coconuts and the time it takes to reach may differ depending on the type; for example, hybrid coconuts can attain maturity within 3 – 4 years while the native trees do attain maturity between 6 – 10 years.
There are so many factors that play significant roles in the rate of germination of coconut trees and among them are the heights of the soil, temperature, soil moisture, etc.
Therefore, the general germination period of coconut trees can range between 3 to 8 years to attain their optimum height.
How to Plant Coconut trees
Coconut trees can be grown by following stipulated steps and these steps should be followed to letter to make sure that the trees grow well. Below are the various steps involved in planting coconut trees:
Collect fresh coconut:
Coconut trees are grown from fresh coconut fruits that have just fallen and you can purchase one from a coconut grower.
Before choosing the coconut for growing, you should shake the coconut near your ear and once you observe that water (milk of coconut) sloshes in the fruit.
The sloshing of this fruit will indicate that the seed is viable. When choosing the fresh coconut, make sure that the husk is not removed – keep it intact.
Soak the coconut fruit:
Once you have chosen a coconut fruit that is viable for growth, you should prepare a bucket of water and soak the coconut fruit in that water for about 2 to 3 days.
Any weighty substance should be placed on top of the fruit so as to keep it submerged in the water and to keep every part watered at all times.
If you are not placing any weight on the coconut fruit, make sure that the fruit is frequently turned in water to keep the surfaces thoroughly.
Plant the coconut:
After removing the coconut from the water you should prepare a combination of large gravels, coarse sands, and commercial potting soil and they should be placed in a large pot.
The coconut fruit should then be planted on a side but you should make sure that one-third of the nut is exposed.
Water the soil:
The coconut fruit should be watered thoroughly to keep the soil moistened but make sure that it does not become wet or overwatered. Coconuts do not survive well in environments with too much water as this can kill them.
Place in a dark spot with the filtered sun:
After planting, a suitable place around the home where the plant can have access to the filtered sun but not direct sunlight should be chosen.
The place chosen should have a temperature of not less than 70 degrees Fahrenheit and the coconut tree do thrive well under a temperature between 90 and 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
Observe the germination of root:
Keep watering the plants at the place where it is kept, just make sure that the exposed region of the seed is kept moist.
The plant will begin to germinate in about 4 to 9 months after planting so you should pay very good attention to your seed.
If you notice the development of the root you should make sure that you prepare them for transplanting after six months. Keep track of your plants to ensure that they get enough water for their survival.
Select a planting site:
After the germination of the seeds (coconut fruit), the next line of action is to select a suitable place to grow your coconut. Coconut trees will survive best under a warm area that has access to full sun and is well-draining.
Choose a region that has the highest elevation on your plot so as to prevent exposure to excess water that can hinder the plants’ survival.
Note that coconut trees will thrive under any pH condition and soil type as long as the area is well-draining.
Dig a hole for planting:
When deciding on planting your coconut tree, you need to pay very good attention to the depth of the growing space.
The hole should be as deep as the container of the coconut palm (i.e. the new growth) and the width should be about three times the diameter of the coconut.
The coconut palm should be placed deep in the ground ensuring that a space of about 1 inch is left at the top region so as to ensure proper coverage of the growing region. Cover the hole with topsoil and add little pressure on it by stepping on it.
Water the plant thoroughly:
Just after planting, the planting site should be thoroughly watered to keep the soil moistened and you should always make sure that the planting area is not too wet nor should it be soggy.
Since coconut trees do not do well in water, make sure that the water provided is not too much to threaten the survival of the plant.
Mulching should be practiced so as to ensure that the planting site is well managed. Materials such as bark, leaves, or grass clippings can be a perfect mulching material and about three to four inches of these materials will work perfectly well.
Mulches will help to get rid of weeds from growing at the planting site and they will also help to improve soil fertility and they will also retain soil moisture.
Fertilize the soil:
Coconut trees are heavy feeders and it is very important to provide them with fertilizers that can work out well at all times.
A specialized fertilizer known as the 8-2-12 granular palm fertilizer can be broadcasted at the base of the root after the emergence of three fronds.
Fertilizer should be added to the base of the plant every month until the plant can survive and fend for itself throughout its life.
No matter the reason why you are growing your own coconut tree keeping them safe and ensuring their survival is of great essence so you should pay very good attention to the details discussed above. Cultivate the soil and enjoy the sight of your lovely coconut trees.
Thank you for taking the time to read this article !