Roses are flowering plants that are popular for their beautiful flowers and use for lightning up the environment.
Roses are considered as one of the most popular plants used by gardeners to create a more attractive and accommodating space and this plant is majorly grown for its flowers.
However, as these plants grow to its desired height and develop longer branches which occupy space and can give the plant an unattractive look, there is a need to take care of it.
Most plants have the ability to grow tall and they can as well fend for themselves even when they are not cared for by humans, however, there is a need to take good care of these plants as they are going to become even better structured when this is done.
Pruning the rose plant that you have in your garden is going to help your plant a lot to survive adverse conditions and also stay healthy throughout its life.
Rose plants differ from one to the other as there are different varieties of this plant and they are a specific recommendations when you want to prune each of them.
Having a good understanding of the type of plant that you have in your garden is going to go a long way to help you achieve your aim so you need to know the kind of plant that you have and its characteristics.
Pruning rose plants is of great benefit to these plants and will not take much of your time if you understand the steps and things involved in the proper and safe pruning of your rose plant.
You must know that there is a need to learn how to prune your plant as it can increase the productivity of your plant, its growth, health, and lots more and you can as well give your plant a more beautiful and controlled look.
In this article, we will take you through the various benefits of pruning roses, types of roses that we have, etc. You should read further to learn more.
Table of Contents
- 1 What are the different varieties of Rose that we have?
- 2 Why should we prune Roses?
- 3 Guiding Principles for Pruning Roses
- 4 When is the best time to Prune roses?
- 5 Conclusion
What are the different varieties of Rose that we have?
Before moving ahead to the benefits of pruning rose plants, it is of great importance to have an idea of the different types or kinds of rose plants that we have.
Roses are different and they could defer based on the time of flowering, as well as when they usually remain dormant without any substantial growth. Below is a grouping of some of the common varieties of roses that we have:
Roses that bloom once on new growth:
These types of rose include the hybrid tea, floribundas, and Grandiflora are known to flower best during the present season’s growth.
These types of plants are best pruned in the spring and the height of the plant should be reduced to about one-half to two-third and the old woody stems should be removed.
You should create an open vase shape with the remaining canes by removing stems that are in the plant’s center and other crossing branches.
You should make sure that you leave some healthy canes around the plant for continuous growth and flowering.
Malvern Hills and Snow goose are great examples of this type of rose and it is essential to remove the dead and damaged stems from winter.
This type of roses bloom only once and they can be pruned just after flowering is complete and you can prune it to as low as 2 to 3 inches depending on what you want. These types of plants grow quite fast so you have no cause whatsoever to worry.
These are the type of roses that bloom more than once in a season and they include the Knock Out varieties and the Fairy that flowers on matured woody stems.
You should leave this type of plant to grow vigorously for the first 2 years and then remove one-third of the oldest canes in addition to the dead or damaged canes.
Some climbing varieties like William Baffin rose also bloom more than once but you should prune it early. You should also remove the dying, dead, or damaged canes from the plant and also trim them to keep them in shape.
Why should we prune Roses?
Some people might wonder why we need to make cuts on these beautiful plants, and here you will get an answer to your unanswered questions.
Before taking an action, there is always a substantial reason for it and that is why we will take you through this aspect. So, why do we prune roses? Below are some of the important reasons why we prune rose plants:
Some rose plants usually have dead, damaged, and dying stems on them and this can have a negative impact on the plant’s health.
The presence of this type of stems or canes can lead to the introduction of insects that can cause infestation or disease. When you have dead canes on your plant, it is important that you get rid of them at all costs.
Dead or damaged stems should be cut back to green during the late winter or early spring so that the plant can grow well and this will also improve the air circulation around the plant.
Rose bushes should be trimmed at all times to improve the appearance of the plants. It is important that the plant assumes its simple yet attractive appearance as this increases its appreciative nature when compared to when it appears bushy and unclean.
Pruning your plant will help you to control possible diseases or infestation that may come to this plant.
Unwanted plant parts like dead woods and other unnecessary growths should be gotten rid of to ensure a good-looking and healthy plant.
Guiding Principles for Pruning Roses
There are some principles that you should follow when pruning rose plant and if you can follow these instructions, you will be happy to have done this.
Below, we will discuss more about the principles that you should take note of and follow when pruning your rose plant so you must be well-grounded about them.
The dead stems should be cut back to the healthy tissues. Healthy stem parts are identified by the presence of green bark with a white pith core.
When you make a cut on your plant, immediately cover the wounded part with white glue to prevent exposure to infestation by insects as well as the action of cane borers.
Pruning should be done to ensure that there is maximum air circulation within the center of the plant’s body.
All growth on the main canes that cannot sustain a reasonable thick stem on its own should be cut off or removed.
Any sucker that is present on the plant should be removed as close to the main root cane as possible.
Canes (or stems) that are woody and old should be pruned close to the bud union as possible.
After pruning the rose bushes, you must remove the remaining foliage from the cane and clean up all the debris from the bush and dispose of. Make sure the foliage is not added to the compost heap at all costs.
When is the best time to Prune roses?
Pruning is an important practice in every garden, and for roses, it is very essential. Having a nice and beautiful plant is quite awesome rose plant in your garden is perfect but can we prune this plant at any time of the year? This is an important question that we need to ask.
Pruning roses (which have many varieties) do not have to be something hidden and knowing the right time to prune will give us an edge over harming this wonderful plant unnecessarily.
Below are some of the recommended times to prune your rose plant:
Pruning during winter
Winter is one of the safest times to prune the rose plant and this should be done during the dormant period between the month of December and February.
Pruning during this period will help the plant to heal from damage without the threat of frost damage as a result of the increase in the temperature at this period of time.
As the spring temperature helps to warm the garden, it will become relatively easy for the plant to heal quickly and produce new flowers.
Pruning when forsythia begins to bloom
Naturally, there is a perfect way to know when to start pruning your rose plant. Forsythia is known to bloom when the soil temperature rises above 55 degrees Fahrenheit and you can start to prune at that time for places where it is difficult to see forsythia bloom.
You should keep an eye on the forsythia plant as it is going to indicate the perfect time to prune your rose plant.
Being able to determine when to carry out the pruning operation is of great essence and you must watch out for these periods so that you can achieve your aim and as well keep the plant healthy.
Learn about the best time to prune the rose plant and the requirements needed to achieve these aims. Always pay attention to your plant and always maintain it as much as possible.
Thank you for taking the time to read this article !